Fertility Treatment Guide: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment






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If you are struggling to become pregnant, you may be wondering about the options that you have. There are many to choose from and you should discuss these options with your doctor. However, for some general information, you can read through the following to begin to gather an idea of what options are available for you.

1. Fertility Drugs

One of the first things that your doctor will probably prescribe to you is fertility drugs. Some of the first ones you may try are clomiphene and gonadotropins. These drugs can help to regulate your hormones and can encourage your ovaries to release eggs during the ovulation cycle.

Most women who began using these drugs become pregnant during the first three cycles. One thing to consider is that there are side effects that can occur when you are using these drugs.

HMG – Human-Menopausal-Gonadotropin

For example, some women have noted headaches, cramping, and vaginal dryness with clomiphene and others have mentioned soreness, rashes, and bloating with the other. Both types of fertility drugs increase your chances of having twins or multiple births.

The success rate for fertility drugs is about 20% to 60% and costs vary depending on the type of drug that you are using. For example, clomiphene typically costs around $50 per month in addition to doctor’s visits and other procedures that may be carried out, but gonadotropin injections usually cost between $2000 and $5000 a month in addition to doctors’ visits and other tests.

2. Surgery

Some women may require surgery to correct genetic defects or to clear blocked fallopian tubes. Others may require surgery for the removal of endometriosis, fibroids, or ovarian cysts.


Some of the side effects that you may see from these surgeries can be discomfort in your chest and shoulders. This is caused by the carbon dioxide that is used throughout the surgery and you may also feel soreness in your stomach area for a few days due to this incision.

Surgeries are successful about 40% to 60% of the time for women who have endometriosis or scar tissue removed. For women who are having their fallopian tubes cleared success rates range between 10% and 90%. These surgeries can be very expensive and range anywhere from $3000-$10,000 depending on the specific circumstances.

3. Artificial Insemination

Artificial insemination means that sperm is injected into your uterus via a catheter. This can be sperm from either donor or partner depending on your specific situation.


Side effects of this procedure can be a bit of cramping for a day or two after the procedure is completed. You may also be required to take some fertility drugs to help with the process and they may have side effects of their own to consider.

Success rates for artificial insemination are about 5% to 25% and costs range anywhere from $300 to $700 for the procedure. Costs may be increased if you are required to purchase donor sperm.

4. In Vitro Fertilization

During this process, eggs are removed from the ovaries and are fertilized in a lab by sperm that is either from a donor or from your partner. After they have been fertilized the embryos are then placed into your uterus.


Usually, you will also need to take fertility drugs before the procedure and these can raise your chances of having multiple births as well as any other side effects that can be expected from the drugs themselves.

Costs for this procedure ranges anywhere from $8000-$15,000 and is successful between 28% and 35% of the time.

5. Donor Eggs and Embryos

If you are unable to produce your own eggs and embryos, it is possible to purchase these items from a donor. Any type of combination can be purchased. For example, you can use your own eggs with a donor sperm, donor eggs with your partner’s sperm, or you can use eggs and sperm that have both been donated.


About 43% of women who use donor items for IVF techniques have found the procedure to be successful. However, these are extremely expensive and can cost anywhere from $10,000-$20,000.

6. Conclusion

If you are looking for ways to become pregnant, there are many options available for you. It is important that you discuss your options with your doctor and decide which options are the most affordable for you.

You will need to make sure that you discuss with your doctor all the costs involved so that you will fully understand the amount of money that you will be expected to pay for these procedures.

Fertility Treatment Guide: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment, 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 rating

Regina Ledoux, RN, CNM

Ms. Ledoux began her career as an ObGyn nurse practitioner prior to becoming a practicing midwife in the Santa Cruz community. Working together with ObGyn physicians in her own practice, she has over 20 years experience in women's health, pregnancy and childbirth.