All About Fertility Injectables






VN:F [1.9.16_1159]
Rating: 5.0/5 (1 vote cast)

Preparing to take injectable fertility medication can be scary and stressful. However, you should keep in mind that you are not alone in this journey. Many women around the world are going through the same thing that you are and are preparing for the exact same journey.

The particular journey that women take through fertility treatments varies from one woman to the next. While some may take one or two injections every cycle, others take closer to 90. Because of these stark differences, it is difficult to determine exactly what you should expect down the road and how soon you will become pregnant.

If you are concerned about taking these treatments, just remember that they are intended to help, you get pregnant and for you to maintain that pregnancy. Without their help you may not be able to get pregnant naturally at all.

1. Types of Injectables

There are hundreds of prescriptions that you and your doctor will need to choose between. The decision to choose one over another will depend on your specific diagnosis as well as other treatment methods that you will be participating in.


However, there are two basic types of injections that are given to women, subcutaneous and intramuscular. The difference between the two is determined by where they are injected at. For example, while the subcutaneous injections are injected into the fat deposits just under the skin, the intramuscular ones are injected directly into the muscle.

When you have been prescribed a fertility injection, it is important that you follow the instructions carefully when you are injecting it. Make sure that you fully understand the type of injectable that you have received and where you are supposed to be injecting it. You should also make sure that you dispose of your needles properly and that you are storing your medication as you have been instructed.

2. GnRH agonists and GnRH antagonists

These medications are extremely popular and help regulate when a woman ovulates. Many women who are struggling to get pregnant find that they are having problems with their ovulation cycle and cannot keep track of the proper time to have intercourse.


Most of the women who take these drugs are undergoing IVF. Some examples of these drugs are:

  • GnRH Agonists

o   Leuprolide Acetate

o   Lupron

  • GnRH Antagonists

o   Ganirelx Acetate

o   Cetrotide

Most often there are very few side effects that are related to these particular types of drugs.

3. Gonadotropins

Some women find that they are having issues with the development of healthy, mature eggs. Gonadotropins stimulate the ovaries with the intent of producing eggs that are ready to be fertilized and healthy enough to maintain a pregnancy.


Gonadotropins fall into many categories, but the most popular are:

  • Follicle Stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Follicle Stimulating hormone with luteinizing hormone (FSH/LH)
  • Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

These medications are both available in either intramuscular or subcutaneous injections. Although severe side effects are rare with these drugs, you will most likely be monitored closely by your doctor. Some women have developed ovarian cysts when taking these medications and at times surgery is necessary for them to go away.

Since there are so many types of these drugs, they come in a wide range of options. While some are available in a vial, others are administered through a pen device. Your doctor will be able to help you make the right decision as to which medication you should choose.

4. Progesterone

Progesterone occurs naturally in the body when a woman is ovulating. This hormone is responsible for creating an environment that a fertilized egg can attach into the uterus.


Since not all women produce enough of this important hormone to make pregnancy possible and it will need to be administered through a medication in some instances. It is possible for this medication to be taken daily so that the maximum amounts are received.

5. Conclusion


Taking injectable fertility drugs can be a major decision for a couple to make. Although you are ready to have a baby, making this level of a commitment can be a stressful situation. However, with the proper information, research and guidance from your doctor, you will be able to make the decision that works best for you, your partner and your individual situation.

All About Fertility Injectables, 5.0 out of 5 based on 1 rating

Dr. Karen Leham, MD

Dr. Karen Leham is double board-certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology and in Reproductive Endocronology and Infertility. Dr. Leham completed her residency at Loyola University, followed by a fellowship at UCLA.