Adverse Effects Of Fertility Drugs

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All drugs of any type, come with some risk of adverse effects or side effects. Fertility drugs are not immune to this risk. Although usually very well received and very safe, sometimes fertility drugs do in fact have side effects. Read on to find out more.

1. Clomid Side Effects

Clomid is by far the most popular fertility drug on the market today. It is usually the first choice of doctors when women seek fertility treatments, and it is used by more women than any other fertility drug. Because Clomid is so popular, it makes sense to talk about the side effects of this drug first.

it-is-important-to-remember-that-Clomids-side-effects-are-usually-very-mild-and-actually-often-mimic-the-symptoms-of-pregnancyHowever, it is important to remember that Clomid’s side effects are usually very mild and actually often mimic the symptoms of pregnancy. Some of the most common side effects associated with Clomid are hot flashes, abdominal pain, bloating, cervical mucus problems, weight gain, nausea, dizziness, and vaginal dryness.

2. Gonadotropin Side Effects

Sometimes when oral drugs like Clomid do not work, doctors will move on to more potent drugs, called gonadotropins. Gonadotropins are injections that are used to mimic hormones in the body to help a woman get pregnant. These drugs are more powerful than oral medications and can sometimes cause some side effects as well.

macro photography of a syringe ready to put a vaccineFor example, ovarian hyperstimulation is one of the most common complications of gonadotropins. Experts say that as many as 25 percent of patients that get HCG injections will experience OHSS. OHSS comes in two different forms, a mild form and a more severe form. Twenty five percent of patients will develop the mild form, and it normally goes away in within a week.

The more severe form will require a doctor’s visit. If you develop the mild form of OHSS, you may experience symptoms such as diarrhea, pain in your abdomen, bloating, vomiting and a feeling of tenderness. The more serious version of OHSS may produce such symptoms as breathing problems, severe pain in your abdominal region, discolored urination and others. Other side effects of gonadotropins include weight gain, depression, and breast issues.

3. Metformin Side Effects

Metformin is a drug that is usually used for diabetes patients. However, it is sometimes used as an “off label” drug for helping balance insulin levels in women with PCOS. This drug does have some minor side effects however. Some of the most common ones include upset stomach, diarrhea, hoarseness or cough, decreased appetite, stomach or side pain, and more.

Metformin-is-a-drug-that-is-usually-used-for-diabetes-patientsHowever, like the other fertility drugs mentioned on this page, metformin side effects are usually mild and well managed. However, it is important to remember to talk with your doctor if you have any questions about the side effects of any drug that you are taking.

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Dr. Lynette Weiss, MD

Dr. Lynette Weiss is ConceiveEasy's Senior Physician and Scientific Director. She is certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology and is a fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology.